Dragon FruitDecember 30, 2022 2022-12-30 18:51
- The Centre has decided to promote the cultivation of dragon fruit, known as a “super fruit” due to its health benefits, cost effectiveness and global demand.
- At present, this exotic fruit is cultivated in 3,000 hectares; the plan is to increase cultivation to 50,000 hectares in five years.
- An exotic plant is one that is not native to any particular area.
GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES :
- The Gujarat Government recently renamed dragon fruit as kamlam (lotus) and announced an incentive for farmers who cultivate it.
- The Haryana Government also provides a grant for farmers who are ready to plant Dragon fruit variety.
- Centre can provide specific target-based help to States and farmers under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH).
HEALTH BENEFITS OF DRAGON FRUIT:
- Dragon fruits are good for diabetic patients.
- It is low in calories.
- It is high in nutrients like iron, calcium, potassium and zinc.
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS REQUIRED :
- According to the Indian Council of Agriculture Research the fruit can be cultivated in degraded and rainfed land.
- Dragons grow well in tropical climates with 40–60 cm rainfall for growth.
- The temperature between 20°C to 30°C is considered best for growing dragon fruit crops.
- All the States in India except cold areas are suitable for dragon fruit plants.
- At the moment, Mizoram tops among the States that cultivate Dragon fruit.
- Dragon fruit is indigenous to Mexico.
- It is now produced mainly in Vietnam.
- Reasons for India’s interest dragon fruit cultivation :
- Market demand so high as production is less.
- India is now importing about 15,491 tonnes of dragon fruits.
- It has potential to match the production of China, where cultivation of the fruit takes place in 40,000 hectares, and Vietnam, which grows the fruit in 60,000 hectares.
- Although the initial investments are higher, it gives fast returns within a year.
Q. With reference to the Dragon fruit cultivation, which of the following statements are correct?
- Globally, India is the largest producer of Dragon fruit.
- In India, Dragon fruits are grown only in rainfed areas.
- Dragon fruits are indigenous to China.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) None of the Above
Answer : D
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