UPSC Current Affairs

Jains Protest Over the Jharkhand Government’s Religious Tourism Policy

Religious Tourism Policy-Ekam IAS

Jains Protest Over the Jharkhand Government’s Religious Tourism Policy

What is the news?
  • In July 2022, as part of its tourism policy, Jharkhand government decided to “promote religious tourism” at Parasnath Hills.
  • Parasnath hills hosts Sammed Sikharji, an important pilgrimage site for Jains. Jains fear that promoting tourism will affect the spiritual nature of the site.
  • To that cause, Jains across Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi, have been organising peaceful protests.

More about Sammed Shikharji
  • It is a pilgrimage site in Giridih district (Jharkhand).
  • It is located on the Parasnath hills (the highest mountain in Jharkhand). The hill is named after Parshvanatha, 23rd Jain Tirthankara
  • It is believed that 20 of the 24 Tirthankaras (enlightened beings) attained moksha (salvation) here

  • Birthplace: Varanasi.
  • Only Tirthankara with a title Kalīkālkalpataru
  • Lived in 8th or 7th BCE
  • Successor of 22nd Tirthankara, Neminatha
  • He attained Moksha at Parasnatha hills (death place)
  • Parshvanatha established the “fourfold restraint,” the four vows taken by his followers (not to take life, steal, lie, or own property). The fifth one (Brahmacharya) was added by 24th and final Tirthankara, Mahavira. They together are called 5 mahavratas or 5 doctrines of Jainism.
  • Symbol of Parshvanatha: snake

Model Question

Q. With reference to religious sites in India, Sammed Shikarji belongs to

(a) Buddhism

(b) Jainism

(c) Vaishnavism

(d) Sikhism

Answer: B

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