Menar-Rajasthan’s New WetlandJanuary 6, 2023 2023-01-06 17:12
Menar-Rajasthan’s New Wetland
Menar-Rajasthan’s New Wetland
- Menar, a village in Udaipur district, is set to be notified as Rajasthan’s new wetland.
- This will pave the way for getting the Ramsar site status for this rural heartland of the Mewar region.
- The two lakes in Menar – the Brahma and Dhandh – play host to a large number of migratory birds in the winter season every year.
- More than 150 species of local and migratory birds inhabit the two lakes in the winter season.
- They include greater flamingo, white-tailed lapwing, pelican, marsh harrier, bar headed goose, common teal, greenshank, pintail, wagtail, green sandpiper and red-wattled lapwing.
- Notification of Menar as a wetland will recognise its role in the storage of sediment and nutrients and enable the local authorities to maintain the Brahma and Dhandh lakes.
- With the status of wetland, the two lakes will be strengthened for increasing vegetation of aquatic plants and protecting biodiversity.
- At present, Rajasthan has two wetlands recognised as Ramsar sites – Keoladeo Ghana in Bharatpur district and Sambhar Salt Lake in Jaipur district.
- Wetlands are ecosystems saturated with water, either seasonally or permanently.
- They include mangroves, marshes, rivers, lakes, deltas, floodplains and flooded forests, rice-fields, coral reefs, marine areas no deeper than 6 metres at low tide, as well as human-made wetlands such as waste-water treatment ponds and reservoirs.
- Though they cover only around 6% of the Earth’s land surface, 40% of all plant and animal species live or breed in wetlands.
- The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”.
- It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
- It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran where it was signed on 2nd of February 1971.
- The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day.
- When a country accedes to the Convention, it must designate at least one wetland as a Wetland of International Importance.
- The inclusion of a “Ramsar Site” in the List embodies the government’s commitment to take the steps necessary to ensure that its ecological character is maintained.
- As of May 2022, there are 49 Ramsar sites in India.
Q. Which of the following sites are not recognised as Ramsar sites in India?
- Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sambhar Salt Lake
- Haiderpur Wetland
- Keoladeo Ghana
Select the correct answer using the code given below :
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) None of the above
Answer : D
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