UPSC Current Affairs

The Global Gender Gap Index for 2022

The Global Gender Gap Index for 2022

The Global Gender Gap Index for 2022

  • The Global Gender Gap Index for 2022 was released by the World Economic Forum (WEF), and it ranks India at 135 out of 146 countries.
  • India has scored 0.629, on a scale of 0 to 1, which is India’s seventh-highest score in the last 16 years.
  • According to the Global Gender Report 2022, it will now take 132 years to reach gender parity.
  • South Asia will take the longest to reach gender parity, which is estimated to be likely in 197 years.
  • India also ranks poorly among its neighbours and is behind Bangladesh (71), Nepal (96), Sri Lanka (110), Maldives (117) and Bhutan (126).
  • Only Iran (143), Pakistan (145) and Afghanistan (146) perform worse than India in south Asia.
  • In 2021, India ranked 140 out of a total 156 countries on the index.
4 key dimensions:
  • The Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks gender parity across four key dimensions or sub-indices — economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.
  • India is the worst performer in the world in the “health and survival” with a rank of 146.
The top 10 :
  • Iceland has topped the list becoming the most gender equal country for the twelfth time in a row with 90.8%.
  • Iceland was the only economy to have closed more than 90% of its gender gap.
  • No country achieved full gender parity.
  • Other Scandinavian countries such as Finland (86%, 2nd), Norway (84.5%, 3rd) and Sweden (82.2%, 5th) are in the top five.
  • Other European countries such as Ireland (80.4%) and Germany (80.1%) in ninth and tenth positions, respectively.
  • Sub-Saharan African countries Rwanda (81.1%, 6th) and Namibia (80.7%, 8th), along with one Latin American country, Nicaragua (81%, 7th), and one country from east Asia and the Pacific, New Zealand (84.1%, 4th), also take positions in the top 10.

Model Question

Q. Who among the following releases the Global Gender Gap Index?

(a) World Bank

(b) World Economic Forum

(c) Amnesty International

(d) International Monetary Fund

Answer : B

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