UPSC Current Affairs


Nagorno-Karabakh - Ekam IAS


  • Nagorno-Karabakh is a landlocked, mountainous and forested region with a population of around 150,000, falling within the boundaries of Azerbaijan.
  • Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and Azeri President Ilham Aliyev announced that their respective countries would be setting up border security and delimitation commissions, signalling a step towards resolution of a decades-long conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh Enclave.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh, called Artsakh in Armenian, hosts a predominantly ethnic Armenian population with an Azeri minority.
  • It is located in the South Caucasus region, which straddles the border between eastern Europe and western Asia and spans the southern part of the Caucasus mountains.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh lies in the mountainous range of Karabakh.
  • The capital of Nagorno-Karabakh is Stepanakert, with Susha being another major city in the region.
  • The conflict has its origins in the early 20th century, though the present conflict began in 1988, when the Karabakh Armenians demanded that Karabakh be transferred from Soviet Azerbaijan to Soviet Armenia.
  • The conflict escalated into a full-scale war in the early 1990s which later transformed into a low-intensity conflict following the end of the war, later escalating into another full-scale war in 2020.
  • The fighting resulted in a ceasefire agreement on November 10, 2020, following which territories lost by Azerbaijan during the First Nagorno-Karabakh war were returned to Azerbaijan.

Model Question :

Q. Which of the following countries borders Caspian sea?

  1. Azerbaijan
  2. Armenia
  3. Russia
  4. Iran
  5. Turkey

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer : B

To UPSC-standard MCQs, join our Telegram Channel.

To get years of subjectwise-segregated newspaper articles, join our subjectwise Telegram Channels.

Join our 140k+ YouTube community to watch free classes on various UPSC related topics.

Follow us on Instagram for UPSC updates.

Click here to read more UPSC Current Affairs.

About us

Ekam IAS is the oldest online IAS institute in Kerala. We’ve years of experience in mentoring and teaching students all over the nation, helping them achieve their UPSC-dream through the right guidance, strategy, and precise content. Join Ekam IAS and turn your UPSC-dream into reality.

To learn customizable preparation strategies, book an appointment with our UPSC-expert. Book Now.

Leave your thought here

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *