UPSC Current Affairs

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016-Ekam IAS

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

  • Recent study reveals that a child below the age of 15 in the entertainment industry in India, works for more than 12 hours a day and casting agencies are violating The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act (CALPRA) that prohibits engagement of children in all occupations.
  • A study titled ‘Child Artists in India’ by Child Rights and You, a non governmental organisation that works towards ensuring children’s rights suggests that the overall number of child artists is estimated to be between 6,059 and 12,334 based on Media and Entertainment Skills Council estimates for 2017 and Census of India 2011 respectively.
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits children below the age of 14 years to get involved in any physically laborious activities in the manufacturing and construction industries especially.
  • Regulations regarding working hours and wage rate were also introduced.
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 also mandates that the children could not be engaged in working for any hazardous material industry.
  • According to the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016, employment of children below the age of 14 years in any commercial enterprise is illegal.
  • The Act also bars the employment of adolescents in occupations that deal with hazardous working conditions such as chemical plants and mines.
  • The Act says that children can only work after school hours or during holidays and that children are allowed to work in family owned secure sectors.
Model Question

Q. Which among the following fundamental right prohibits child labour in India?

(a) Article 14

(b) Article 15

(c) Article 23

(d) Article 24

Answer : D

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